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The paper discloses the method for estimating the deformation of fibroreticulate materials under the conditions of spatial multiaxial cyclic tension. The relevance of the method application for estimating the reliability performance of materials used for upholstering and finishing the interior of aircraft cabins has been justified. The equations of the elastic state of flexible fibroreticulate materials are obtained under the spatial tension in stresses and deformations. The geometric parameters of elastic deformations in the material during in the material in the design, processing treatment (molding process) and operation (shape stability) of the products. The advantage of the developed method of spatial cyclic tension of flexible fibroreticulate materials is the ability to model test conditions that simulate operating conditions. This capability of the test method allows to examine the dynamics of changes in the markers of the molding properties and shape stability of materials and to predict their behavior during operation.
The 'Ehebüchlein' of the early German humanist Albrecht von Eyb exists in several prints (since 1472) as well as manuscripts, which are all copies of the prints. The only one of the nine surviving manuscripts, which so far has been only briefly described, is the text preserved in the Russian National Library in Saint-Petersburg. This article presents for the first time a detailed codicological description and analysis of the St. Petersburg manuscript.
This article focuses on the issue of adaptability in the field of education, particularly English as a foreign language teaching, and explores the question of whether academic debate can foster adaptability among university first‐year university students majoring in science, technology, engineering, or mathematics. To answer that, the authors designed and conducted a study in 2017 and 2018 at a university in Moscow, Russia. The study involved two groups of students: those who attended regular English classes and those who, apart from regular classes, weekly attended and actively participated in specially designed English debate classes. To evaluate whether any alterations to the students’ adaptability level occurred, teacher‐assessors completed the Adaptability Scale at the beginning and end of the project. In addition, the students were asked to fill out a self‐assessment questionnaire to rate their own adaptability development. The results of the control and experimental groups were compared and a series of t‐tests was conducted. The findings reveal that, in the experimental group, English debate classes fostered positive growth in the level of adaptability, and all its components experienced a significant enhancement.
Increasing workplace demands on foreign languages skills in professional settings call for a number of considerable changes in the university learning context regarding foreign language teaching. The present study aimed to assess the language needs within and across employed university graduates, 1st, 3rd and 4th year students of non-language majors to further inform such changes. All four language skills, the context of both current foreign language education programs and the use of a foreign language at the workplace were considered. Questionnaires including Likert scale, multiple choice and open ended items were distributed among 110 students and 35 currently employed graduates. Descriptive statistics and one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) followed by post-hoc Turkey HSD and Holm-Bonferroni tests were used to analyze the data. The results indicated several areas of agreement among the participants: a clear need for all four language skills to be developed as high as C2 level and the consistent need to improve speaking. However, several noticeable discrepancies between the perceptions of the target groups regarding the context of workplace language use, such as how often, where and with whom they expect to communicate and need for professionally oriented foreign language were revealed. Overall, students may need to be more informed about the challenges of the workplace context for language use. The pedagogical implications are drawn for curriculum and pedagogy.
Increasing workplace demands on foreign languages skills in professional settings call for a number of considerable changes in the university learning context regarding foreign language teaching. The present study aimed to assess the language needs within and across employed university graduates, first, third, and fourth-year students of non-language majors to further inform such changes. All four language skills, the context of both current foreign language education programs and the use of a foreign language at the workplace were considered. Questionnaires including Likert scale, multiple choice, and open-ended items were distributed among 110 students and 35 currently employed graduates. Descriptive statistics and one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey HSD and Holm-Bonferroni tests were used to analyze the data. The results indicated several areas of agreement among the participants: A clear need for all four language skills to be developed as high as C2 level and the consistent need to improve speaking. However, several noticeable discrepancies between the perceptions of the target groups regarding the context of workplace language use, such as how often, where, and with whom they expect to communicate, and need for professionally oriented foreign language were revealed. Overall, students may need to be more informed about the challenges regarding the workplace context for language use.
This research examines the problem of motivation as an important variable in language learning including ESP (English for specific purposes). Despite the fact that there are different approaches to cultivating motivation the author suggests considering the potential of massive open online courses (MOOCs) that may help language learners of non-linguistic specialties. This paper describes the results of the integration of MOOCs into the ESP course curriculum at the faculty of Business Informatics of the National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow. The integration of the MOOС component in the ESP course demonstrated that the educational outcome, in this case, might be higher than in a traditional course due to such factors as the content of instruction being tailored to the learning needs of IT students, regular and inspiring feedback to the students from the MOOC instructors, the use of interactive teaching materials and a personalized approach to learning. Research findings illustrate that imbedding MOOCs in the university ESP course could become the basis for the integrated study of special subjects and the English language in the international learning community, under the condition that on-campus courses have been re-designed to incorporate MOOC-like component.
The article analyses how L.Tieck understood the phenomena of the traditional narratives. The article discusses the views Tieck had upon the chapbook, and its adaptations in his works, particularly the drama based upon popular material. Three of his dramatic works of that type, «Life and death of the St. Genivieve» (1800), «Emperor Octavian» (1808) and «Fortunatus» (1815), especially the first one, initiated new genres of German Romantic drama called Universaldrama (drama of the universe), which are typologically close to mystery play. Tieck's literary program combined both the rejection of contemporary mass literature and the productive replacement of it with examples of new Romantic art. The contradiction between reality and fiction, which is accentuated in Tieck's comedies, weakens in his Universaldramen. The main theme of his plays is the interpretation of religion as a way to comprehend the world. The poet creates a kind of genre complex, where the drama of historical process is ironically removed. This is the basic principle of his two first big plays – “Life and death of the St. Genivieve” and “Emperor Octavian”. His last play, “Fortunatus” is, however, rather a generalizing "ironic construct" which combines elements of several traditional genres and, at the same time, is a parody of the genre he created.
The aim of this article is to trace the paths of transmission to and within medieval and early modern Wales of traditions concerning the Virtues of the Mass, the benefits accruing from attending Holy Mass. These benefits are found both as lists and as parts of poems in Middle Welsh manuscripts, and correspond to a wealth of similar material in Latin, English, Irish, and other European vernaculars. Since the texts are products of popular religion rather than part of the canonical teaching of the Church, they are extremely fluid, which, in combination with their wide dissemination, would make the exact mapping of their genesis and distribution in Europe a long-term research project in itself. However, even a more limited consideration of these texts can significantly improve our understanding of Middle Welsh religious texts and the patterns of knowledge transfer across borders. In this contribution we shall present the relevant Middle and Early Modern Welsh texts in section I and some corresponding Latin texts in section II, then Middle English and Late Medieval Irish traditions in sections III and IV, before providing some tentative conclusions.
Cross-cultural research is crucially important in the modern globalized
world where diﬀerent cultural notions clash and interact. Tis article sheds
light on the notions “money” and “house”, which represent attitudes to
property, in the perception of Russians and the Japanese. Te research
method is an association experiment that allows to explain the grounds for
mutual understanding or possible misunderstanding in the instances of
interethnic contacts. Analysis of association felds formed on the basis of
two Russian and one Japanese sampling shows that modern Japanese tend to
perceive money as benefcial, while modern Russians tend to perceive it as
something evil and related to governance. 21st-century Japanese respondents and 21st-century Russian respondents proved to be more work-oriented than their early 1990s Russian counterparts. Regardless of cultural
diﬀerences, both Russians and the Japanese admitted their need of money as
an indispensable element of modern life. A house is understood in both cultures as a place to live in, but 1990s Russians found it less cozy and comfortable than 21st-century Russians and the Japanese.
Purpose – This articlepresents concepts and tools for developing place branding that protects places from overbranding, redundant promotion, and excessive tourism.
Methodology – The concept of a product-based place brand that reflects local ways of life and local identities was introduced was introduced. A combination of projective and typological methods was applied. Three focus groups composed of future place managers were held in three countries (N= 27) to develop place brand vocabularies − typologies of verbal characteristics of abstract places as products for internal users (residents).
Findings – In most cases, the place brand vocabularies were consistent and compatible within each abstract type and were unique (mutually exclusive) between the types. The vocabularies contained both detailed and more generalized elements. For each abstract place, short formulations of the general concept were found. Each brand vocabulary reflected the institutional, socio-psychological, cultural, historical, and geographic differences of the countries involved in the research.
Originality/value –A conceptual and methodological framework for creating place brand vocabularies is offered and it provides (1) close relationship between multiple brand attributes and their laconic expressions appropriate for communication and (2) high differentiation among brand attributes facilitates the recognition of branded places by target and non-target audiences. The framework is applicable for designing verbal attributes of place brands for specific places to avoid overbranding effects.
This paper studies the results of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) integration into the ESP course curriculum at the Department of Business Informatics of the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE). The author investigated whether MOOCs can be effectively integrated into the teaching-learning process and bring significant benefits to students such as developing their linguistic and professional competences. A survey and the results of the experimental teaching revealed that HSE students highly appreciated their experience of online education and would definitely continue to explore the scope of MOOCs in the future. Research findings illustrate that embedding MOOCs into the university ESP course could become the basis for the integrated study of special subjects and the English language in the international learning community under the condition that on-campus courses have been re-designed to incorporate MOOC-like components. MOOCs can be considered as a valuable educational resource for information technology specialists, which can be beneficially used by both students and ESP instructors.
The research observes the representation of the alien city chronotope in Jazz (1992) by a contemporary American writer Toni Morrison. The narration of the novel occurs in Harlem (New York) in the 1920-s, however, because most characters’ identities originate in the mid-19th-century American South, time and space frames extend. Focusing on the city space in the novel Jazz we regard the city as a social and cultural phenomenon of America, an independent live character that enters into a dialogue with the novel’s protagonists and, at the same time, contributes to their alienation within its frames. Harlem of 1920s functions not only as sociohistorical background but also as a unique narrator that relates the urban experience of African-Americans. We deduce that the chronotope exhibited in the novel in question combines several places and embodies narration about protagonists’ roots, their original habitat and a new conflicting environment that both attracts and repels them. The intrinsic ties of time and space in the literary work discussed in the article are presented on the level of the city, which represents alien and fragmentized reality. Thus we are convinced that the alien city chronotope in the novel is shaped by the opposition of ethnic and cultural identities of characters within their changing world. The characters’ illusions and aspirations are guided by the dubious and forceful voice of the city and none of the protagonists is able to escape the traumatic labyrinth of time and space tracing their memory
The flexible compound materials of test objects (type test patterns) to adjust the aviation optical equipment for the Earth remote sensing obtained by the method of ink-jet printing on the banner fabric have been studied. The quantitative regularities of changes in the optical and mechanical properties have been determined, which allow predicting the maintenance of the operational characteristics of the type test pattern.
The 15th-century German texts about Vlad III Dracula are both the result and the instrument of a political campaign. The connection between the original text and its further genre modifications can be traced through their shared features in vocabulary and grammatical constructions. A notable feature of the entire genre paradigm of data is the frequency of using the causative construction lassen+infinitive: none of 15th-century German texts of various genres demonstrate such an abundance of these constructions. This feature could be explained by the fact that the original German text was translated from Latin. The frequency of lassen+infinitive in the texts under research could have been a reflection of Latin syntactic features (subject-less clauses) in the language of the first German source, followed by further transfer of this feature into later German texts about Dracula of other genres (poem, chronicle, Volksbuch). Furthermore, it is possible to assume that the compilers of manuscripts, which served as an outline for further texts of different genres, distinguished, under the influence of Latin, between a simple active clause and a causative construction with a second agent as the subject. In general, the frequency of lassen+infinitive, uncharacteristic of German texts, can be explained by the uniqueness of the original "History of Dracula" and all texts that were derived from it. At the same time, the occurrence of this construction indicates links between these texts.
The edited book contains selected articles that were presented at the conference "Welt and Wissenschaft" at the National Research University Higher School of Economics in Moscow 2018, April 19.
The book is aimed at developing students' listening and speaking skills via utilizingTED-talks on a variety of topics including education, time management, politics, discrimination, and modern inventions.
The book is the second edition of the book "English for Humanities" designed for undergraduate university students.
A course book in academic English for pre-service teachers
This article analyzes the perceptions of Russia, Russians, and Russian art existing in Britain, namely, those demonstrated by the country’s literary community of the first half of the 20th century. The article shows that this period saw a plethora of publications of translations of Russian fiction that were accomplished by professional translators, Slavonic scholars, and writers and appeared in periodicals and other print formats. The article provides a general overview of the British literary community’s reactions to Russia, Russians, and Russian literature. It is hard to overestimate the importance of these materials since many of the translations have never been comprehensively analyzed in conjunction with the originals, and Russia’s images in Britain were often formed on the basis of the translations. Paradoxically, the characterizations of Russia produced within the British society were more indicative of problems and domestic issues of Britain itself rather than of Russia because images of Russia provided an occasion to discuss problems of Great Britain. Contributors to the discussions, meanwhile, were asserting the superiority of Britain, less frequently – Russia, with only a handful of them advocating acceptance of the other. Usually, periods of positive perceptions of Russia have coincided with periods of improvement in political and economic relations between the nations. But all the complexities of the relations notwithstanding, mutual influence of the two national literatures is obvious.